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By In education, For the workforce, For public administration, Technology, Basic digital skills, Cybersecurity, IoT, Inspiration, AI & ML, Audience, For ICT professionals, For all, National strategy, INSPIRATION: Strategic documents, INSPIRATION

30.03.2023 |

 The Digital Bulgaria 2025 Programme aims at modernising and increasing the widespread implementation of intelligent information technology (IT) solutions in all areas of the economy and social life. Another objective of the programme focuses on the strategic enhancement of digital competence and skills at all levels.

The Digital Bulgaria 2025 programme is coordinated by the Ministry of Transport, Information Technology and Communication of Bulgaria. Digital Bulgaria 2025 sets out 3 main objectives when it comes to digital skills development on a national level: 

  • Modernisation of school and higher education in the field of ICT

The implementation of this objective includes key activities such as: promoting the development of a modern and reliable information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure at schools, improving assessment of students’ digital competences upon graduation from high school, modernising the educational curriculum and teaching methods, and upskilling teachers, educators and training providers. Activities also aim to further strengthen cooperation between education, industry and the non-governmental sector.

  • Increasing the number of highly qualified specialists in the field of ICT

To implement this objective two key activities are considered: increasing the number of young people trained for ICT professions, and promoting the development of qualified ICT specialists through a focus on lifelong learning and upskilling approaches. 

  • Improving  the digital and ICT skills of the workforce

Under this objective, upskilling and reskilling programmes financed by the Bulgarian Government are considered. 

More detailed information about the digital skills priorities of the Programme can be found in the full Programme document (pages 33-34) and Roadmap (both available in Bulgarian).


Target audience

Digital skills for all

Digital skills for ICT professionals

Digital skills in education

Digital skills for children

Digital skills for public administration

Digital technology 

Digital Skills

Scope of the strategy

National strategy


The Digital Bulgaria 2025 programme is coordinated by the Bulgarian Ministry of Transport, Information Technology and Communications.



Latest update of the strategy



Stakeholders involvement 


By In education, Audience, In education, Audience, Technology, Basic digital skills, Software engineering, Public, Bulgaria, INSPIRATION: Good practices, INSPIRATION

31.03.2023 |

 Rails girls is a two-day free workshop that targets women with little to no experience in the field of programming and technology. The goals of the program are to expose as many women as possible to a largely male-dominated industry.

The project held its 14th edition (in Sofia) this year. For 14 consecutive years, this adaptation of this international initiative has contributed a lot to the digital space in Bulgaria.

Background and aims

The project presents a successful approach and training that has introduced many women, previously hesitant, to join the programming and technology sphere. The project mostly promotes 3 of the 4 pillars of the Digital Skills & Jobs Coalition. Mainly, Rails Girls stresses digital skills for all women, as there is an overbearing minority in this field. The main promoter of the event is the focus on education – the event strongly supports teaching and digital skills learning transformation by creating a good environment for an entryway into the digital sphere.

Less dominant is the emphasis on digital skills for the labor force and ICT professionals as the good practice mostly relies on people joining who have had no previous experience into the field. However, with the main goal being introducing more people to the field, in the long term, the project largely contributes to the development and expansion of the digital skills sphere in the country where it is practiced. 

In the region and to an extent part of the EU as well, despite some recent policy changes, there is still a large discrepancy between the number of men and women in certain sectors. With technology and programming being one of the fastest developing ones, the role of women should be promoted, not only because it brings forth equality but also because it promotes more people into joining the sector, thus further expanding it and presenting for new opportunities in the digital landscape.

Why is this a good practice? 

The initiative is so successful because of the approach: the friendly and inspiring environment, as well as the opportunities that occur in it, drive more and more women into joining the initiative. One of the most beneficial things is the duration: people don’t have to sign up for a course that lasts months but instead commit a small portion of their time and give a chance to a new activity that they have always wanted to try out. 

In addition, so far this project has carried out 14 editions of the event in the capital of Bulgaria, Sofia, 2 in Varna, 1 in Burgas, and 1 in Vratsa.  This project has been described well on social media and the website, giving more than sufficient information regarding its practice. The goal of the initiative is not to give a detailed programming course; rather, it aims to serve as an introductory stepping stone that women interested in the digital field could use to gain a better perspective and enter the programming sector.


Target audience

Digital skills for all

Digital skills in education

Digital technology

Digital Skills




Funding of the good practice


Type of initiative of the good practice

International initiative

Country providing the good practice


Organisation providing the good practice

Digital National Alliance