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Internet in Greece 2023: EKKE survey


In order to provide reliable data for the development of digital policies, the National Centre for Social Research (EKKE) carried out the ‘Internet in Greece’ survey as part of the implementation of the project: ‘World Internet Project Greece (WIP-GR)’ with the support of the Special Secretariat for Long Term Planning/Presidency of the Greek Government.

More specifically, the report analyses the use of the internet in Greece, as well as issues such as skills, the digital divide, the information and entertainment value of the internet, as well as the level of trust of users. It also looks at social media and Artificial Intelligence algorithms, in relation to privacy and the future of work, while the field of research also records the degree of credibility, freedom of expression, political competence, victimisation and violation of privacy. It provides adequate information on the level of knowledge of Greek citizens on basic digital skills.  

For the purposes of the survey, 1.200 interviews, telephone (CATI) and internet (CAWI) were carried out during the autumn/winter period 2022 by filling in a structured questionnaire.

More information on the survey can be found by following the link:

On the National Centre for Social Research:

It is a public research centre focusing on social sciences and hosted by UNESCO. It supports the State in designing and evaluating public policies at national, regional and local level by means of surveys, studies and expert reports geared to raising critical social and political issues in a timely manner. He is a member of the National Alliance for Digital Skills and Jobs.

On World Internet Project Greece

It is an empirical sample survey carried out since 2015 under the World Internet Project (WIP). It is an international partnership of universities and research centres composed of more than 30 countries from different continents.

Informatics education at school in Europe (2022)


Informatics education is essential to equip young people with the necessary skills to take an active part in our technology-driven and increasingly digital societies in a responsible and safe manner. European countries are gradually upgrading their school curricula to respond to the new reality and needs.

This Eurydice report provides a comparative analysis of the curricular approaches to teach informatics as a separate subject or integrated into other subjects throughout primary and general lower and upper secondary education in 2020/2021. It examines the main areas of informatics covered in the learning outcomes of the relevant subjects. It also looks at the qualifications held by the teachers of these subjects, and the training programmes and other support measures in place to support them. The report covers all the members of the Eurydice Network (the 27 EU Member States and Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Switzerland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia and Turkey).

The analysis of existing competence and curricular frameworks with associated learning outcomes contributes to building a shared understanding and comparability. From this analysis, 10 core areas of informatics as a scietific discipline have been identified:

  1. Data and information
  2. Algorithms
  3. Programming
  4. Computing systems
  5. Networks
  6. People-system interface
  7. Design by development
  8. Modelling and simulation
  9. Awareness and empowerment
  10. Safety and security

Informatics is considered a distinct discipline when the learning outcomes for these areas are included in the curriculum in a separate informatics subject. In particular, the first chapter will compare the incorporation of informatics across the analysed countries. The second chapter will present the learning outcomes in the 10 content areas, while the third chapter will focus on the professional profile of teachers.

New SME Guide on Blockchain (2022)


In its efforts to raise awareness and help SMEs adopt and use blockchain standards, Small Business Standards (SBS) has developed this guide on blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) titled „New SME Guide on blockchain: Realising SMEs strengths to lead strategic digital autonomy„.

The EU blockchain market is expected to be valued around €59 billion by 2028. SMEs can use blockchain to grow their businesses and lead the way in digitalisation and sustainability. In addition, blockchain is helping non-ICT sectors to become more efficient and sustainable through authenticated transactions and increased transparency methods

How can SMEs verify that the origins of non-EU imported raw materials are sustainable and environmentally friendly without relying on complex and costly verification procedures?

How can they perform international transactions without been implicated in fraud or money laundering schemes?

Is there a better and more efficient process to certify ISO management and safety systems?

The guide, produced by SME Experts, will answer these questions and contribute to raise SMEs’ awareness on how to appropriately use technology, adapt to EU legislation, and maintain consistency to standardisation activities. Moreover, the document provides an update on EU policy developments and the geopolitical challenges that SMEs may face in using the proposed technology and standards.

The  manual wishes to illustrate four case scenarios that demonstrate how blockchain:

  1. Strengthens overall business sustainability

  2. Helps SMEs in certify their quality management system

  3. Ensures authentication and trust in identification

  4. Strengthens policy response to raising and urging geopolitical concerns

The SME Guide on Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technology provides SMEs with basic yet key principles of blockchain and DLT technology and how their standardisation can help in strengthening transparency and sustainability of operations, in scaling up solutions and in sensibly reducing transaction costs for businesses.