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Review computational thinking in compulsory education – JRC (2022)

In recent years, Computational Thinking (CT) has proven to be a fundamental competence for all, not just IT researchers. Despite the increasing uptake, a number of problems and challenges are emerging for the effective integration of counter-terrorism skills into compulsory education. This report updates and expands the findings of the 2016 CompuThink study, providing an updated overview in 22 EU Member States and eight non-EU countries.  It also provides a comprehensive summary of evidence, including eleven policy and practical recommendations.

The study focused on key questions on integrating CT skills into compulsory education:

• What is the state of play regarding the integration of CT into compulsory education environments in the EU?

• What are the main features of CT and its relationship with IT, IT and IT?

• How are CT skills developed and assessed in compulsory education in the EU?

• How to improve IT education in the EU?

The study gathered a wide range of evidence from a systematic literature review, a survey involving representatives of education ministries, two online consultation events and in-depth case studies in nine European countries involving semi-structured interviews (with experts, policy makers, school leaders, teachers) and focus groups (with students).

This publication is a report prepared by the Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission’s science and knowledge service.